Monday, 22 April 2013

The Black Cat (Analysis Part V)

Another factor that was shown in the story  which made the character has the personality disorder is alcoholism.

The scientists found an increasing incident about characteristic of alcoholism inside an individual suffered APD. Nevid said that alcoholism is a dependence of alcohol. According to medical perspective, alcoholism is a disease. Atkinson and friends were sure that alcoholism is a permanent condition that cannot be cured.

It is truly a bad combination to APD sufferer. It makes the sufferer be more aggressive and cannot bear what he wanted to do. That is why the character was mean enough to kill his own wife whom initially wanted to save the black cat from the attack given by the character.

He was full of anger and hatred because of the influence of alcohol (one of the factors). He killed his beloved black cat and hung it on the tree.



The Black Cat (Analysis Part IV)

Fromm (2002) explained that "hatred of our own selves" can be hidden in many ways. The sufferer of APD usually does not realize that he hates his own self.

The final destination of the hatred is destroying objects out of himself. By destroying, it means the human gets the strength in relative limitations, not absolute. (Fromm, 2002)

The character hated himself, he repressed the inferior feeling inside him. Hate because nobody paid attention, hate because the world threw him away. For worse. he did not know the reason, and made him more wounded. This wound kept gnawing him and at last the wound was becoming himself.

The Black Cat (Analysis Part III)

Two general characteristics from the sufferer of Antisocial Personality Disorder (APD) are:
  • The absence of love (he could not feel empathetic or loyal to other people)
  • The absence of guilt (he does not feel remorse of his action, though his action is extremely unacceptable).
The character had no love. If it was so, then how about his cat that he loved or his wife who was a part of his life? It is because he lived in his own world. He in his youth kept withdrawing himself form others. He is emotionally cold and consistent to choose his solitary activities.

Considering the characteristics of APD sufferer, like what had been mentioned above, the sufferer feels no guilt or regret. Exact event happened in the story, after he did the crime he wrote,
"I experienced a sentiment half of remorse, for the crime of which I had been guilty; but it was, at best, a feeble and equivocal feeling, and the soul remained untouched."

He did not feel guilty even when he was punished with death penalty. He also broke the social norms.
Another characteristic is the sufferer is good at lying. If he is caught, his confession and fake remorse sounded so convincing and saved him from punishment.

The Black Cat (Analysis Part II)

Another factor that made the character has the APD (Antisocial Personality Disorder) is shyness. He is shy, therefore he was influenced by a subjective world that is the world inside himself. His orientation directed to his feeling, mind, and his action was determined by subjective factors.

 


 
His adaptation with the outsiders was not really good. He is introvert, hard to socialize. On the other hand, his objective world had gone far, thus he was out of his objective world. His desire was blocked by reality then he ran to another world in order to satisfy his blocked desire. This "another world" is the world he lived with his pets.



The Black Cat by Edgar Allan Poe (Analysis Part I)

Adani Nur Sabrina (10610109)
SMSA02-7
Journalism


THE BLACK CAT



The narrator in this short story apparently suffered a personal disorder, that us the narrator/character has an unnatural behaviour related to the mind, feeling, personal relationship and self control. This character has this kind of disorder because there was something wrong in his growth process and personality development.

According to Dr. Sam Vaknin, there are ten kinds of personality disorder:
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder
  • Avoidant Personality Disorder
  • Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Dependent Personality Disorder
  • Histrionic Personality Disorder
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
  • Paranoid Personality Disorder
  • Schizoid Personality Disorder, and
  • Schyzotypal Personality Disorder

The character of The Black Cat suffers Antisocial Personality Disorder. The relationship between the disorder and the story is that the character had a trouble in his growth. He always spent his time with his pets given by his parents. Almost all the time he spent to play with those pets. It shows that the material deprived occured --that is the lack of mother's affection. The mother did not discipline himself and showed only a little affection to him. Thus the social relationship dynamic was decreased.

He wrote, "I was especially fond of animals and was indulged by my parents with a great variety of pets. With these I spent most of my time and never was so happy as when feeding and caressing them."

It shows he was not noticed by his parents or friends. And one of the causes he could not do the social interactions is his excessive tenderness. That disposition made him a shy.
 

Wednesday, 26 December 2012

SarMag Goes to Cinangneng

Dalam rangka menyelesaikan ujian mata kuliah Kepariwisataan, kelas SarMag Sastra 2010 benar-benar melakukan pariwisata. Bersama dosen, kami sekelas memilih Kampoeng Wisata Cinangneng sebagai destinasi wisata.

Hanya dengan Rp. 150.000,- kami bisa mendapatkan kegiatan-kegiatan yang sangat me-refresh pikiran yang sehari-harinya disesaki dengan aktivitas padat SarMag. Dibandingkan dengan pergi ke pusat perbelanjaan untuk shopping, Kampoeng Wisata Cinangneng menyediakan hal-hal yang lebih seru dengan harga yang cukup terjangkau.

Berlokasi di Ciampea, Bogor, tempat wisata ini memberikan kegiatan yang ditunjang dengan fasilitas alam yang menyegarkan. Setibanya di sana, kami diajak untuk menyanyikan dua lagu dari daerah sunda dan memainkan instrumen angklung. Setelah itu dilanjutkan dengan perjalanan ke perkampungan.
Kami benar-benar diajak berkeliling kampung yang ada di sana sejak lama (bukan kampung buatan), dengan semua penduduk asli dan segala usaha bisnis mereka seperti pengrajin tas, topi, kayu, dsb. Kami juga disuguhkan pemandangan alam seperti perkebunan mentimun, singkong, penggilingan beras dengan semua keasrian yang natural. Tidak hanya sekedar berjalan-jalan, tapi sang pemandu wisata juga menjelaskan apa-apa saja yang ada di sana.

Seusai melakukan perjalanan wisata keliling kampung, kami melakukan “tandur” (sistem menanam padi dengan cara mundur) di sawah lengkap dengan kelunakan lumpur yang serta-merta mengubur kaki kami. Setelah sekian menit menjadi “petani”, kami kemudian menyeberangi sungai yang airnya bukan main segarnya, mengelupasi semua lumpur sawah yang mulai mengering di kaki. Tak perlu khawatir, walaupun arus cukup deras, di sana ada para penjaga yang siap mengawasi apabila terjadi sesuatu. Salah satu yang paling seru di tempat wisata ini adalah memandikan kerbau. Ya, memandikan kerbau. Hal yang mungkin hampir seluruh warga Jakarta tidak pernah lakukan.

Tidak cukup sampai di situ, setelah membersihkan diri, kami masih melakukan kegiatan-kegiatan tradisional lainnya, seperti menari jaipong, bermain gamelan, belajar membuat tahu dan tempe, membuat kue bugis, membuat minuman wedang jahe, dan melukis topi caping.

Sungguh pengalaman yang menyenangkan, lebih lagi dilalui bersama teman-teman. Agaknya, berwisata ke Kampoeng Wisata Cinangneng merupakan ujian akhir yang paling membahagiakan sejauh ini :D
Bersama owner, Ibu Hester Basoeki

Menari jaipong

Melukis topi caping

Bermain gamelan


Berbelanja di Atas Pemakaman


Opini oleh Adani Nur Sabrina

Agaknya, modernisasi yang kini sedang trend di Indonesia mulai banyak menuai dampak buruk dalam beberapa hal. Pembangunan gedung-gedung bertingkat, perumahan, dan pusat perbelanjaan, gencar dilakukan di berbagai kota. Bukan lagi tanah kosong, lapangan, perkebunan, ataupun persawahan yang rawan hilang dari bumi pertiwi, namun kini tanah pemakaman pun sudah mulai mengalami krisis lahan demi dibangunnya pusat perbelanjaan yang sesungguhnya sudah banyak tersebar di mana-mana. Indonesia sudah seharusnya lebih berpikir jernih dalam melakukan segala tindakan, jangan semata-mata karena bisnis dan uang, segala hal rela dilakukan sampai hal-hal yang dapat membuat dahi mengernyit dan meremangkan bulu roma. Sudah cukup banyak pusat perbelanjaan, masihkah harus ditambah lagi? Toh isinya semua sama saja. Miris mendengar ditemukan dua jenazah masih berkafan di area pembangunan pusat perbelanjaan. Cukuplah melakukan penggusuran pemakaman demi kepuasan berbelanja. Bukan karena pusat perbelanjaan itu nantinya akan berhantu, tetapi tidakkah ada rasa hati teriris? Mereka memang sudah tak bernyawa, namun di mana moral dan etika sebagai nyawa yang masih hidup? Mungkin agak berlebihan, tapi cobalah pikirkan kembali.